November 2018 Committee on Instruction Item 6

Discussion of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Review Process

November 16, 2018

COMMITTEE ON INSTRUCTION: ACTION
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION: ACTION

SUMMARY:
This item provides the opportunity for the board to discuss and update the process for the review and revision of the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS).

STATUTORY AUTHORITY: Texas Education Code (TEC), §§7.102(c)(4), 28.002, and 28.025.

TEC, §7.102(c)(4), requires the State Board of Education (SBOE) to establish curriculum and graduation requirements.

TEC, §28.002, identifies the subjects of the required curriculum and requires the SBOE by rule to identify the essential knowledge and skills of each subject in the required curriculum that all students should be able to demonstrate and that will be used in evaluating instructional materials and addressed on the state assessment instruments.

TEC, §28.025, requires the SBOE by rule to determine the curriculum requirements for the foundation high school graduation program that are consistent with the required curriculum under the TEC, §28.002.

PREVIOUS BOARD ACTION: The SBOE adopted the TEKS for all subjects to be effective September 1, 1998. The English language arts and reading TEKS were amended to be effective September 4, 2008. The Spanish language arts and reading TEKS were amended to be effective November 26, 2008. The TEKS for high school English elective courses were amended to be effective August 23, 2010. In May 2017, the SBOE gave final approval to revisions to the English and Spanish language arts and reading TEKS for Kindergarten-Grade 8 with a scheduled implementation date of the 2019-2020 school year. The SBOE gave final approval to revisions to the English and Spanish language arts and reading and English as a Second Language (ESL) TEKS for high school with a scheduled implementation date of the 2020-2021 school year. The mathematics TEKS were amended to be effective August 1, 2006. The secondary mathematics TEKS were amended to be effective February 22, 2009. The mathematics TEKS were again amended to be effective September 12, 2012. The science TEKS were amended to be effective August 4, 2009. The SBOE gave final approval to streamlined science TEKS in April 2017 for implementation in the 2018-2019 school year. The social studies TEKS were amended to be effective August 23, 2010. The career and technical education (CTE) TEKS were amended to be effective August 23, 2010. The CTE TEKS were again amended to be effective August 28, 2017. The revised CTE TEKS were implemented in the 2017-2018 school year. The fine arts TEKS were amended to be effective August 24, 2015. The TEKS for languages other than English (LOTE) were amended to be effective July 15, 2014 and December 31, 2014 and are scheduled to be implemented beginning with the 2017-2018 school year. The technology applications TEKS were amended to be effective September 26, 2011.

The board took action at the May 2009 meeting to approve a revised process for review and revision of the TEKS. The board approved additional revisions to the process in November 2009. This process was used for the review and revision of the technology applications TEKS. The board approved revisions to the process for review and revision of the TEKS in January 2011 and directed staff to use the revised process beginning with review and revision of the mathematics and fine arts TEKS. At the November 2011 SBOE meeting, the Committee of the Full Board held a work session to examine the instructional materials adoption cycle and the timeline for the review and revision of the TEKS. At the January 2012 meeting, the board adopted a revised instructional materials adoption cycle and updated the schedule for the review and revision of the TEKS to better align with the new instructional materials adoption cycle. The board took action at the July 2012 meeting to approve revisions to the process for the review and revision of the TEKS. At the January 2013 meeting, the board approved changes to its operating rules and directed staff to update the process for review and revision of the TEKS to align with changes to its operating rules. The revised process was used for the review and revision of the LOTE TEKS. In April 2014, the board again revised the process for review and revision of the TEKS to include more specific direction to TEKS review committees. The revised process was used for the review and revision of the CTE TEKS and was used for the English and Spanish language arts and reading TEKS review.

A discussion item on the process for streamlining the TEKS was presented to the Committee on Instruction at the November 2015 SBOE meeting. At the January 2016 meeting, the board approved the process to be used in streamlining the TEKS. This process was used for the streamlining of the science TEKS. At the June 2017 SBOE meeting, the Committee of the Full Board held a work session to discuss the schedule for review and revision of the TEKS, processes for review and streamlining of the TEKS, and the review and adoption cycle for instructional materials aligned to revised TEKS. At the meeting, the SBOE approved the proposed TEKS and instructional materials review and adoption schedule and the revised TEKS review process to be used beginning with the streamlining of the social studies TEKS.

A discussion item and public hearing regarding proposed revisions to 19 TAC Chapter 113, Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Social Studies and Chapter 118, Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Economics with Emphasis on the Free Enterprise System and Its Benefits, appeared on the Committee of the Full Board agenda for the June 2018 meeting. At the September 2018 meeting, the board approved for first reading and filing authorization proposed revisions to 19 TAC Chapter 113 and proposed repeal of 19 TAC Chapter 118. A public hearing was also held at the meeting.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION AND SIGNIFICANT ISSUES: The board received training from a standards writing advisor at the July 2014 meeting. The standards writing advisor provided additional training to Texas Education Agency (TEA) staff in October 2014 to support future facilitation of the TEKS review committees.

TEA convened the first social studies work group in February 2018. A second work group was convened in March 2018. The third work group was convened in April 2018 and the fourth work group was convened in late May/early June 2018. As a part of the SBOE’s approved process, recommendations from each work group were posted to the TEA website for review. Feedback on the posted recommendations was collected by TEA and shared with each work group. Feedback from focus groups convened by Education Service Centers (ESCs) was also collected and shared with work groups and the board during the process.

At the June 2018 meeting, the Committee of the Full Board held a public hearing and discussed the proposed revisions to streamline the social studies TEKS. The board provided specific feedback on the draft of proposed revisions for the next work group to consider. A final work group was convened in August 2018 to make final recommendations to streamline the TEKS and ensure vertical alignment across all grade levels and courses. The Committee of the Full Board held a second public hearing on the proposed revisions to streamline the social studies TEKS at the September 2018 meeting. Also at the September 2018 meeting, the board approved the proposed revisions for first reading and filing adoption. The proposed revisions to the social studies TEKS are presented for second reading and final adoption as a separate item in this agenda.

In 2011, Senate Bill 6, 82nd Texas Legislature, First Called Session, amended the required curriculum to include economics, with emphasis on the free enterprise system and its benefits, as part of the subjects that constitute social studies rather than as a separate subject area. As a result of this change, it is recommended that the TEKS for economics be moved to 19 TAC Chapter 113 at the time the social studies TEKS are streamlined. The text of the proposed revisions to 19 TAC Chapter 113 reflects the move of economics courses from 19 TAC Chapter 118, Subchapters A and B. The repeal of 19 TAC Chapter 118, Subchapters A and B, is also included with the agenda item due to the recommendation to relocate the other economics courses.

At the September 2017 meeting, the board approved a request for the commissioner to convene a group of experts to develop a study to provide guidance for the development of revised health education TEKS. At that time, the SBOE also approved parameters for the recommendations of the commissioner’s committee to include a framework for what the strands should be for kindergarten through grade 12, distinctions regarding grade levels and/or grade bands at which health concepts are most appropriately taught, and a summary of all statutory requirements related to health education and suggestions regarding the most appropriate way to integrate those requirements into the framework. The review of the health education TEKS is scheduled to begin in 2019.

FISCAL IMPACT:
None.

PUBLIC AND STUDENT BENEFIT:
Benefits include better alignment and streamlining of the TEKS and coordination of the standards with the adoption of instructional materials.

PROCEDURAL AND REPORTING IMPLICATIONS:
None.

PUBLIC COMMENTS:
None.

OTHER COMMENTS AND RELATED ISSUES: Proposed revisions to 19 TAC Chapter 113, Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Social Studies, and proposed repeal of 19 TAC Chapter 118, Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Economics with Emphasis on the Free Enterprise System and Its Benefits, are presented for second reading and final adoption as a separate item in this agenda.

Staff Members Responsible: Monica Martinez, Associate Commissioner
Standards and Support Services

Shelly Ramos, Senior Director
Curriculum Standards and Student Support

Attachment:
  Statutory Citations