April 2019 Committee of the Full Board Item 11

Update on Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Review

April 3, 2019

COMMITTEE OF THE FULL BOARD: DISCUSSION
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION: NO ACTION

SUMMARY:
This item provides the opportunity for staff to present an update on the review of the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) and the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS).

STATUTORY AUTHORITY: Texas Education Code (TEC), §§7.102(c)(4), 28.002, and 28.025.

TEC, §7.102(c)(4), requires the State Board of Education (SBOE) to establish curriculum and graduation requirements.

TEC, §28.002, identifies the subjects of the required curriculum and requires the SBOE to by rule identify the essential knowledge and skills of each subject in the required curriculum that all students should be able to demonstrate and that will be used in evaluating instructional materials and addressed on the state assessment instruments.

TEC, §28.025, requires the SBOE to by rule determine the curriculum requirements for the foundation high school graduation program that are consistent with the required curriculum under the TEC, §28.002.

The full text of statutory citations can be found in the statutory authority section of this agenda.

PREVIOUS BOARD ACTION: The SBOE adopted the TEKS for all subjects effective September 1, 1998. The English language arts and reading TEKS were amended effective September 4, 2008. The Spanish language arts and reading TEKS were amended effective November 26, 2008. The TEKS for high school English elective courses were amended effective August 23, 2010. In May 2017, the SBOE gave final approval to revisions to the English and Spanish language arts and reading TEKS for Kindergarten-Grade 8 with a scheduled implementation date of the 2019-2020 school year. The SBOE gave final approval to revisions to the English language arts and reading and English as a second language (ESL) TEKS for high school with a scheduled implementation date of the 2020-2021 school year. The mathematics TEKS were amended effective August 1, 2006. The secondary mathematics TEKS were amended effective February 22, 2009. The mathematics TEKS were again amended effective September 12, 2012. The science TEKS were amended effective August 4, 2009. The SBOE gave final approval to streamlined science TEKS in April 2017 for implementation in the 2018-2019 school year. The social studies TEKS were amended effective August 23, 2010. The SBOE gave final approval to streamlined social studies TEKS in November 2018. The streamlined social studies TEKS for middle and high school social studies are scheduled for implementation beginning with the 2019-2020 school year and Kindergarten-Grade 5 social studies TEKS are scheduled for implementation in the 2020-2021 school year. The career and technical education (CTE) TEKS were amended effective August 23, 2010. The CTE TEKS were again amended effective August 28, 2017 and implemented in the 2017-2018 school year. The fine arts TEKS were amended effective August 24, 2015. The TEKS for languages other than English (LOTE) were amended effective July 15, 2014, and December 31, 2014, and were implemented in the 2017-2018 school year. The technology applications TEKS were amended effective September 26, 2011.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION AND JUSTIFICATION: The board received training from a standards writing advisor at the July 2014 meeting. The standards writing advisor provided additional training to Texas Education Agency (TEA) staff in October 2014 to support future facilitation of the TEKS review committees.

The 2017 TEKS review and revision process was used for the streamlining of the social studies TEKS. The board directed work groups to make recommendations for Kindergarten-Grade 8 and the following high school courses: U.S. History Studies, World History Studies, World Geography Studies, U.S. Government, and Economics, with Emphasis on the Free Enterprise System and Its Benefits. Five different work groups were convened from February-August 2018 to make recommendations to the board. At its November 2018 meeting, the SBOE approved for second reading and final adoption proposed revisions to streamline the social studies TEKS. The TEKS for middle school and high school social studies are scheduled for implementation beginning with the 2019-2020 school year and the TEKS for Kindergarten-Grade 5 social studies are scheduled for implementation in the 2020-2021 school year.

In 2011, Senate Bill 6, 82nd Texas Legislature, First Called Session, amended the required curriculum to include economics, with emphasis on the free enterprise system and its benefits, as part of the subjects that constitute social studies rather than as a separate subject area. As a result of this change, the TEKS for economics were moved from 19 TAC Chapter 118 to 19 TAC Chapter 113 at the time the social studies TEKS were streamlined.

At the September 2017 meeting, the board approved a request for the commissioner to convene a group of experts to develop a study to provide guidance for the development of revised health education TEKS. At that time, the SBOE also approved parameters for the recommendations of the commissioner's committee to include a framework for what the strands should be for Kindergarten-Grade 12, distinctions regarding grade levels and/or grade bands at which health concepts are most appropriately taught, and a summary of all statutory requirements related to health education and suggestions regarding the most appropriate way to integrate those requirements into the framework. The review of the health education TEKS is scheduled take place concurrently with the review of the physical education TEKS. The reviews are scheduled to begin in 2019.

At the November 2018 meeting, the SBOE approved updates to the 2017 TEKS review and revision process. The complete updated process will be used for the review of the physical education and health education TEKS. The SBOE will begin the review of the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) in 2019, in accordance with the SBOE's approved TEKS and instructional materials review schedule. Applications to serve on ELPS review work groups were posted on the TEA website in December 2018. Also in December 2018, TEA distributed a survey to collect information from educators regarding the review and revision of the ELPS. TEA staff provided initial applications for the ELPS review work groups to SBOE members by email on January 14, 2019, and the members were asked to submit approvals to the agency by February 1. At the January-February 2019 SBOE meeting, TEA provided SBOE members with additional applications for the ELPS review work groups, and the members were asked to submit approvals to the agency by March 1, 2019. TEA staff provided additional applications to SBOE members by email on March 5.

PUBLIC BENEFIT AND COST TO PERSONS: Benefits include better alignment of the ELPS and TEKS and coordination of the standards with the adoption of instructional materials.

PUBLIC COMMENTS: None.

Staff Members Responsible:
Monica Martinez, Associate Commissioner, Standards and Support Services
Shelly Ramos, Senior Director, Curriculum Standards and Student Support