April 2019 Committee on Instruction Item 1

Proposed Amendment to 19 TAC Chapter 74, Curriculum Requirements, Subchapter A, Required Curriculum, §74.6, College and Career Readiness and Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Alignment
(First Reading and Filing Authorization)

April 5, 2019

COMMITTEE ON INSTRUCTION: ACTION
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION: ACTION

SUMMARY:
This item presents for first reading and filing authorization a proposed amendment to 19 TAC Chapter 74, Curriculum Requirements, Subchapter A, Required Curriculum, §74.6, College and Career Readiness and Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Alignment. The proposed amendment would update the alignment charts for the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS) and the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) to add a new alignment chart for English language arts and to reflect changes resulting from recent updates to the English language arts and mathematics CCRS.

STATUTORY AUTHORITY:
Texas Education Code (TEC), §7.102(c)(4) and §28.008(d).

TEC, §7.102(c)(4), requires the State Board of Education (SBOE) to establish curriculum and graduation requirements.

TEC, §28.008(d), requires the SBOE to adopt a chart by rule that clearly indicates the alignment of the college readiness standards and expectations with the TEKS.

The full text of statutory citations can be found in the statutory authority section of this agenda.

EFFECTIVE DATE: The proposed effective date of the proposed amendment to 19 TAC §74.6 is 20 days after filing as adopted with the Texas Register. Under TEC, §7.102(f), the SBOE must approve the rule action at second reading and final adoption by a vote of two-thirds of its members to specify an effective date earlier than the beginning of the 2020-2021 school year. The earlier effective date will ensure accurate information is available related to alignments at the start of the 2019-2020 school year.

PREVIOUS BOARD ACTION: The SBOE adopted the TEKS for all subjects effective September 1, 1998. The mathematics TEKS were amended effective August 1, 2006, and September 12, 2012. The secondary mathematics TEKS were also amended effective February 22, 2009. These amendments included incorporation of the mathematics CCRS. The English language arts and reading TEKS were amended effective September 4, 2008, and included incorporation of the English language arts CCRS. The SBOE gave final approval for the revised English language arts and reading TEKS in May 2017. The science TEKS were amended effective August 4, 2009, and included incorporation of the science CCRS. The social studies TEKS were amended effective August 23, 2010, and the social studies TEKS included incorporation of the social studies CCRS. The SBOE approved 19 TAC §74.6 for second reading and final adoption at the January 2016 SBOE meeting, and the section became effective April 6, 2016.

The English language arts and reading TEKS were revised after the January 2016 SBOE meeting. Committee members revising the reading and language arts TEKS were careful to incorporate the CCRS into the revised curriculum standards. The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) updated the CCRS in April 2018, which has necessitated updating the alignment charts for the CCRS and the TEKS.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION AND JUSTIFICATION: In 2006, the 79th Texas Legislature required Texas Education Agency (TEA) and THECB to establish vertical teams composed of public school educators and faculty from institutions of higher education to develop college- and career-ready standards in the areas of English/language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies. The work of the vertical teams was organized in three phases. The first phase included a series of team meetings to create the CCRS for the four subject areas. Phase two required the vertical teams to make recommendations regarding alignment of the TEKS with the CCRS. Phase three required the vertical teams to develop or establish instructional strategies, professional development materials, and online support materials for students who need additional assistance in preparing to successfully perform college-level work. Teams also engaged in a series of gap analyses to ensure alignment between the adopted TEKS and the CCRS.

THECB adopted the CCRS in January 2008. The commissioner of education approved the CCRS, and the SBOE incorporated them into the TEKS as follows: English language arts and reading TEKS in 2008; mathematics and science TEKS in 2009; and social studies TEKS in 2010.

The 84th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2015, passed House Bill 1613, amending TEC, §28.008, to require the SBOE to adopt a chart by rule that clearly indicates the alignment of the college readiness standards and expectations with the TEKS. In January 2016, the SBOE approved 19 TAC §74.6, which adopted in rule charts demonstrating the alignment of the TEKS with the mathematics, science, social studies, and cross-disciplinary CCRS. The board did not adopt charts for English language arts and reading because the TEKS for that subject area were being updated at the time the rule was adopted.

The SBOE gave final approval for the revised English language arts and reading TEKS in May 2017. The revised TEKS will be implemented in the 2019-2020 school year for Kindergarten-Grade 8. The high school TEKS will be implemented in the 2020-2021 school year.

In 2018, THECB updated the CCRS for language arts and mathematics. As a result, the mathematics alignment chart would also be updated.

The attachment to this item reflects the text of the amendment to 19 TAC §74.6 for consideration by the SBOE. Charts demonstrating the alignment of the TEKS with the mathematics and language arts CCRS will be provided as separate exhibits at the April 2019 SBOE meeting.

FISCAL IMPACT:
The TEA has determined that there are no additional costs to state or local government required to comply with the proposal.

LOCAL EMPLOYMENT IMPACT:
The proposal has no effect on a local economy; therefore, no local employment impact statement is required under Texas Government Code, §2001.022.

SMALL BUSINESS, MICROBUSINESS, AND RURAL COMMUNITY IMPACT: The proposal has no direct adverse economic impact for small businesses, microbusinesses, or rural communities; therefore, no regulatory flexibility analysis specified in Texas Government Code, §2006.002, is required.

COST INCREASE TO REGULATED PERSONS:
The proposal does not impose a cost on regulated persons, another state agency, a special district, or a local government and, therefore, is not subject to Texas Government Code, §2001.0045.

TAKINGS IMPACT ASSESSMENT:
The proposal does not impose a burden on private real property and, therefore, does not constitute a taking under Texas Government Code, §2007.043.

GOVERNMENT GROWTH IMPACT: TEA staff prepared a Government Growth Impact Statement assessment for this proposed rulemaking. The proposed rulemaking would not create or eliminate a government program; would not require the creation of new employee positions or elimination of existing employee positions; would not require an increase or decrease in future legislative appropriations to the agency; would not require an increase or decrease in fees paid to the agency; would not create a new regulation; would not expand, limit, or repeal an existing regulation; would not increase or decrease the number of individuals subject to its applicability; and would not positively or adversely affect the state's economy.

PUBLIC BENEFIT AND COST TO PERSONS:
The proposal would provide the public with a clear understanding of the integration of college and career readiness standards in the TEKS. There is no anticipated economic cost to persons who are required to comply with the proposal.

DATA AND REPORTING IMPACT:
The proposal would have no new data and reporting impact.

PRINCIPAL AND CLASSROOM TEACHER PAPERWORK REQUIREMENTS: The TEA has determined that the proposal would not require a written report or other paperwork to be completed by a principal or classroom teacher.

PUBLIC COMMENTS:
The public comment period on the proposal begins May 3, 2019, and ends June 7, 2019. The SBOE will take registered oral and written comments on the proposal at the appropriate committee meeting in June 2019 in accordance with the SBOE board operating policies and procedures. A request for a public hearing on the proposal submitted under the Administrative Procedure Act must be received by the commissioner of education not more than 14 calendar days after notice of the proposal has been published in the Texas Register on May 3, 2019.

MOTION TO BE CONSIDERED:
The State Board of Education:

Approve for first reading and filing authorization proposed amendment to 19 TAC Chapter 74, Curriculum Requirements, Subchapter A, Required Curriculum, §74.6, College and Career Readiness and Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Alignment.

Staff Members Responsible:
Monica Martinez, Associate Commissioner, Standards and Support Services
Shelly Ramos, Senior Director, Curriculum Standards and Student Support

Attachment: Text of Proposed Amendment to 19 TAC Chapter 74, Curriculum Requirements, Subchapter A, Required Curriculum, §74.6, College and Career Readiness and Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Alignment

Separate Exhibits: Figure: 19 TAC §74.6(b), Mathematics CCRS-TEKS Alignment Chart Figure: 19 TAC §74.6(f), English Language Arts CCRS-TEKS Alignment Chart
(To be provided at the April 2019 SBOE meeting)